Publication Date

2017

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Majumdar, Pradip, 1954-

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Department

Department of Mechanical Engineering

LCSH

Mechanical engineering||Engineering

Abstract

HCCI engines are a class of engines which use high compression ratio to ignite a charge of air-fuel mixture, essentially eliminating the need for spark plugs. This contrasts with diesel engines (although HCCI can be used for diesel engines) where the fuel is injected near the top dead center of the compression stroke regime. Gasoline HCCI engines are of significance because, it attempts to improve the characteristics of the engine for example the thermal efficiency. High compression ratio comes with higher thermal efficiency, yet the peak temperature remains low enough to have low production rates of harmful oxides of nitrogen and formation of soot. However, there are certain challenges associated with such type of engine, one of which and perhaps the most important of all is how to control the combustion rate. Flow dynamics and chemical-kinetics analysis, is essential to predict combustion timing, duration, and rate. The objective of this study is to analyze a HCCI engine using, simulation analysis models including a three-dimensional CFD simulation model. Simulation analysis is carried out using a generic HCCI engine, initially with simplified chemical kinetics, and then using detailed chemical kinetics and using RANS turbulence CFD model. A sensitivity analysis of the effect of RPM on the combustion time, burn duration, heat release, efficiency and emission concentration are carried out.

Comments

Advisors: Pradip Majumdar.||Committee members: Nicholas A. Pohlman; John Shelton.||Includes illustrations.||Includes bibliographical references.

Extent

39 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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