Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Woolschlager, Ruth B.||Maxwell, Lyle

Degree Name

M.S. Ed. (Master of Education)

Legacy Department

Department of Business Education


Wages--Clerks--Chicago; Wages--Women--Chicago


The investigation was an attempt to determine the relationship between salaries and certain measurable factors which affect the salaries of female office workers in selected Chicago area businesses. The factors considered were the type and years of education, experience in business, length of time on the job, job title, and assessments of personality and job reliability. Each of these factors was found to be positively correlated to salaries. Because the single greatest area of occupations for women is in the clerical and kindred classifications, chances are that a woman entering the employment scene may find that office work constitutes the greatest opportunity. The investigator sought to find what characteristics were "desired" by employers and which were actually rewarded by increased salaries. From the 22 businesses which participated in this investigation, 292 responses were received. The findings of the investigation were drawn from the data which were provided in the response sheets. The following points highlight the conclusions and recommendations based on findings of the study: 1. The majority of female office workers questioned, 56.5 per cent, studied business education in their high school programs. 2. Even though many girls do not study business education in high school, they may find their employment in office work. 3. Many high school business education students eventually attend college and therefore must have adequate academic preparation to do so. 4. The ratio of non-business education people to business education people in lower-paid jobs was noticeably high. 5. Formal education taken in the junior college, the business college, or the senior college is likely to be financially remunerated. 6. Exposure to advanced education is recommended regardless of occupational plans. The findings concerned with the limited sample of the investigation indicated some profit, financially and socially, from educational experiences beyond high school. 7. Female office workers should be aware of the positive relationship of seniority on the job and increased salaries. 8. The positive effect of the personality factor on salaries should be made known to clerical workers. 9. A high positive correlation of job title to salaries indicates that certain salary ranges apply to certain jobs. Much work is needed in the area of job description and definition. This will then facilitate more accurate research and guidance in adapting educational programs to meet the needs of the individual. This preparation for occupational competency must not be a matter of chance. 10. Business relies on public education to prepare workers for their occupational roles. It is recommended therefore that business take an active part in the upgrading and support of vocational education. 11. Further investigation in this area is strongly suggested in order that our educational system be more effective in its attempt to prepare citizens for their roles in American society.


Includes bibliographical references.


vii, 49 pages




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