Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Dubofsky, Melvyn, 1934-

Degree Name

M.A. (Master of Arts)

Legacy Department

Department of History


African American soldiers; World War; 1939-1945--African Americans


This study examines the attitudes of the Chicago Negro community towards the role of the Negro in World War II as shown in the news and editorial policies of the Chicago Defender. The examination of the attitudes of the Chicago Negro community during World War II should help to develop a better understanding of the Negroes' goals in the post-war world. The major source for this study was the Chicago Defender, 1940 - 1945. Background material was obtained from the analyses made by numerous scholars both during and after the war. The results of the study indicate that the Negro was generally ready to support the war effort, regarding it as a necessary evil aimed at the preservation of a democratic society. At the same time, however, the Negro community was very much aware of the inequities which existed in American society and recognized that a strong effort was needed if equality was to be obtained. The war was regarded as a means to achieve the desired end - equality of all regardless of race. At the conclusion of the war, however, much was left unsolved in the battle for equal opportunity, causing resentment and disillusionment among Negroes.


Includes bibliographical references.


61 pages




Northern Illinois University

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