Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Canon, Charles (Professor of art)||Grotberg, Edith H. (Edith Henderson), 1918-2008

Degree Name

M.S. Ed. (Master of Education)


Department of Art


Art--Study and teaching||Creation (Literary, artistic, etc.)


Problem: The purpose of this study was to conduct an experiment with fourth grade students using the Torrance Toy Improvement Test and the Osborn Motivational Technique to determine the reliability of the Torrance Instrument; and to determine the effectiveness of the Osborn technique in increasing creative problem-solving behavior. Procedure: A review of the related literature was conducted which described the history and development of the area of creativity growing out of investigations of genius and the gifted. This review revealed the growing concern of educators, psychologists, business, and industry in the problem of identifying, measuring and stimulating the creative process. Several studies were explored, particularly the investigations of E. Paul Torrance, who is primarily concerned with creativity in young children. Dr. Torrance gave permission to use his experimental test and scoring methods and these were used in this study in the manner prescribed by him. The Osborn Technique was adapted for use in this study following the general procedure described in a report published by Dr. Torrance. The data was compiled and statistically analyzed to examine the following hypotheses: 1. The Torrance Toy Improvement Test is a reliable instrument for identifying and measuring creativity. 2. The use of the Osborn Motivational Technique increases the productivity of creative problem-solving. 3. I. Q. and creativity are not correlated. Findings and Conclusions: It was found that the Torrance metric was reliable in measuring creativity in young children. It was found that the subjects could be motivated to a higher degree of productive creative problem solving through the use of the Osborn Motivational technique. It was found that there was no significant correlation between I. Q. and creativity. It was felt that further study would be advantageous and that the more general use of the Osborn Motivational Technique would be rewarding in learning situations as well as in problem solving.


Includes bibliographical references.


vi, 72 pages




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