Dean, Mark E.
M.S. (Master of Science)
Department of Physical Education
More Negro athletes are finding success in sports now than was the case years ago. In the locality where the study was conducted, teams having Negro members achieved success in athletics at the junior high school level. This study was conducted to aid in proving or disproving the hypothesis: Junior high school Negro boys' athletics quotient is superior to junior high school White boys' athletics quotient as tested by the author using C. H. McCloy's Athletics Quotient which was described in his text. The study was conducted at Daniel Webster Junior High School, Waukegan, Illinois. Webster is a seventh and eighth grade junior high school with an enrollment of five hundred seventy-five students. This enrollment consisted of fifty-four Negro boys and two hundred twenty-four White boys in physical education classes. Random samples consisting of two-thirds of each population were tested or thirty-six Negroes and one hundred fifty White students. The subjects in this study were tested by the author during May, 1964. Data were collected on each subject for age, height, and weight. Individual test items of the athletics quotient were the fifty yard dash, the standing broad Jump, the running high jump, and the eight pound shot put. All subjects were tested in these items within two weeks on the entire test. Each boy's athletics quotient was compiled by the author. A mean and a standard deviation were computed for the Negro group's athletics quotient and the White group’s athletics quotient. The averages were compared by use of the t ratio to determine if they were significantly different. Then a mean and standard deviation '*err computed for age, height, weight, and each test item. The means of the Negro and White groups for each structural measure and test item were also compared by use of the t ratio. The seventh and eighth grade boys had a range of over four years in age, one and one-half feet in height, and one hundred fifty pounds in weight. The test results indicated the Negro boys had an athletics quotient average of 94.194. The White boys' athletics quotient mean was 88.96. A t ratio of these means was found to be 1.63. In order for the difference of two means in this study to be significant at the five per cent level of confidence, a t ratio must have been 1.975 or better. Therefore, it can be stated that the Negro boys had a higher athletics quotient than did the White boys when this study was conducted by the author and under the conditions that prevailed at the time of the study. No individual test item or personal factor had a difference of means that was significant, but in each case the Negro scored higher than the White students. Since the Negro subjects scored higher in all tests, the author felt the reason for this could be attributed to the difference in the personal items studied. In the age, height, and weight factors, the Negroes were above the White subjects tested, but not by a significant degree. It would then seem logical that the athletic ability might also be slightly better than the White students.
Johnson, Thomas Joseph, "A comparative study of the athletic ability of negro and white boys at the junior high school level" (1964). Graduate Research Theses & Dissertations. 122.
[vi], 54 pages
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