Slamet Riyadi

Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Winsor, Helen Bruce

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Legacy Department

Department of Human and Family Services


Food supply--Indonesia; Food consumption--Indonesia; Indonesia--Rural conditions


The major objective of this study was to assess/determine the food-consumption and food-production practices of Indonesian transmigration settlement units. The subjects were from 10 locations in five provinces in Indonesia. The correlation coefficient was computed to know/measure the relationship between the transmigrants' food-consumption and food- production practices and size of site, gender, educational level, occupation, annual income, non-food expenditures, food price, and agricultural expenditures. A total value for each transmigration settlement unit was calculated to form the consumption and production scale. Analysis of percentage increase was used to determine differences in food-consumption and food-production practices of the transmigrants by length of stay in the transmigration location, and the situation and condition of food consumption and production over time. Most of the transmigration settlement units had consumed a low amount of animal products whether in house villages or in transmigration areas. Results from the analysis of the relationship between the grain/cereal consumption of the transmigration settlement units and animal-product consumption of the transmigration settlement units also indicated a relationship among the level of non-food expenditures, income, and food price. Results from the analysis of percentage increase between food consumption and production indicated that the percentage decrease for grain/cereal was -5.12% and percentage increase for animal products was 24.25%, whereas the percentage increase for food production was 18.23%. In this study, the variables showed a significant relationship between animal-product consumption and selected demographic variables, which were non-food expenditures, agricultural expenditures, total annual income, and food price. None of the variables was found to be significant when their correlation/relationship was determined with transmigration settlement units' grain/cereal consumption. For transmigration settlement units' food production, the variables that were significant were non-food expenditures and food prices. Based on the analysis of the findings, it was concluded that control of food prices and non-food expenditures is essential for agricultural improvement. Agricultural education should be made available to transmigrants in order to improve the community food production and nutritional status as a whole. This is suggestive of the need for formal agricultural education within the transmigration settlement unit training system to increase the knowledge of food consumption and production to help turn negative attitudes toward food consumption and production into positive attitudes, and to help in making wise food-consumption and -production choices in relation to nutrition. The general public should not be neglected. A form of either formal or informal agricultural education should be made available to them.


Includes bibliographical references (pages [46]-51)


iv, 66 pages




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