Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Shimizu, Hidetada, 1960-

Degree Name

M.S. Ed. (Master of Education)

Legacy Department

Department of Leadership, Educational Psychology and Foundations


Educational psychology; English as a second language; English language--Study and teaching--Foreign speakers; Indonesian language--Terms and phrases; Educational psychology


This paper explores the relationship between language, culture, and emotion in the Indonesian English as a foreign language (EFL) classroom. It does this by focusing on the Indonesian concept of malu, an emotional response often translated as "shame." Malu is a complex emotional construct that determines appropriate behavior and is activated situationally, often as a way of indicating respect. By investigating how students and teachers navigate the application of the communicative approach of language acquisition in the presence of malu, we are able to gain insights into the world of the Indonesian English learner. This study was conducted in the context of the highly stratified, deeply traditional setting of central Java in Indonesia, using multivocal videographic ethnography, a form of ethnography that uses a video of an experience as an interview prompt for multiple focus groups. The design of this study started with a short film of an Indonesian EFL classroom that was used to prompt discussion about the cultural meanings that initiate emotional responses in the Indonesian EFL classroom.


Advisors: Hidetada Shimizu.||Committee members: Eric Jones; Lee Shumow.


159 pages




Northern Illinois University

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