Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Naples, Virginia L.

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Legacy Department

Department of Biological Sciences


Forelimb--Anatomy; Bones--Anatomy; Human anatomy; Canis familiaris--Anatomy; Anatomy; Comparative


A comprehensive comparative study was performed in order to provide a basis for distinguishing the long bones of the forelimb, based on the gross anatomy of the bone, between a human (Homo sapiens) and a domestic dog (Canis fumiliaris). Few medical professionals are trained or experienced in distinguishing between human and animal bones; therefore, the identification o f species-specific guidelines may prove to be beneficial as an aid in identifying skeletal remains. First, for each species general structural descriptions were presented for the humerus, the radius, and the ulna. Sccond, specific features of the epiphyses and diaphysis o f each of the bones, including size, shape, position, and sites of muscle and soft tissue attachment were compared and contrasted between the species. T his systematic comparative study has resulted in the establishment of precise guidelines that may be useful in the field of forensic science for the identification of a single, complete or relatively complete, humerus, radius, or ulna as being of human or non-human origin. In addition, if the bone is found to be non-human, the information discovered in this study will permit determination o f whether or not it is that o f dog.


Includes bibliographical references (pages [59]-61)


vii, 61 pages




Northern Illinois University

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