Publication Date


Document Type


Degree Name

M.S. Ed. (Master of Education)

Legacy Department

Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education


Physical fitness for children--Testing; Physical fitness for children--Psychological aspects; Physical fitness for children--Physiological aspects; Running for children


The purpose of the present study was to examine mean differences in positive well-being (PWB), psychological distress (PD) and fatigue (FAT) before and after three different fitness tests using the Subjective Exercise Experience Scale (SEES). The present study examined the tendency of a subject to be competitive or non-competitive oriented using the Sport Orientation Questionnaire (SOQ). Subjects included 40 elementary male and female students ages 9-11 years old enrolled in two different physical education classes. Prior to the administration of the three fitness tests, all subjects completed the Sport Orientation Questionnaire (SOQ). The subjects completed the 1-mile run, 1-mile walk, and PACER shuttle run counterbalanced over a four-week time period, completing no more than one fitness test per week. Subjects were required to complete the Subjective Exercise Experience Scale (SEES) pre- and post fitness test in order to determine changes in positive well-being, psychological distress, and fatigue. An ANOVA revealed no significant mean differences between a subject’s competitive orientation and fitness test among all SEES factors (PWB, PD, FAT). Data was further analyzed using a repeated measures ANOVA. A significant difference was indicated between mean differences among fitness tests for both positive well-being and psychological distress. No significant difference between mean differences among fitness tests was indicated for fatigue. These findings support the hypothesis that subjects would indicate higher mean differences of PWB after a low exertion fitness test (1-mile walk) compared to high exertion fitness tests (1-mile run and PACER). Similarly, mean differences of psychological distress and fatigue were the smallest after completion of a low exertion test (1-mile walk) compared to a high exertion test (1-mile run and PACER).


Includes bibliographical references (pages [28]-30)


61 pages




Northern Illinois University

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