Smart, Laura S.
M.S. (Master of Science)
Department of Human and Family Resources
Families; Adolescent psychology; Substance abuse
The purpose of this study was to test differences in substance use of adolescents by family functioning, family structure, and gender. Three hundred thirty- seven freshmen from a small city in Northern Illinois completed a 73-item questionnaire consisting of questions on demographics, the students’ use of drugs and alcohol, and the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale (FACES II). Findings indicate that adolescents from the least well-functioning families use more stimulants and psychedelics. Furthermore, adolescents from non-intact families reported greater use of marijuana than those from intact families. Finally, male adolescents tended to use more drugs than females, although in most cases the differences did not reach significance. The discussion focuses on how the present findings support or contradict previous results on drug use and family functioning, family structure, and gender. Suggestions for future research include an evaluation of the FACES instrument for use with different family structures.
Schaffer, Yvonne L., "Adolescent substance abuse : family adaptability and cohesion, family structure, and gender" (1988). Graduate Research Theses & Dissertations. 1013.
v, 57 pages
Northern Illinois University
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