Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Tollerud, Toni R.

Degree Name

Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy)

Legacy Department

Counseling, Adult and Higher Education


Higher education; Counseling Psychology; Continuing education; Counselor educators; Families of military personnel--Vocational guidance; Soldiers--Education; Non-military; Veterans--Vocational guidance


This qualitative study explored how counselor educators infuse military culture in counseling curriculum as public policy suggests professional counselors will be called upon to provide services to military and veteran populations. The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 authorized the Department of Defense (DoD) to publish standards allowing Licensed Professional Counselors to practice and bill TRICARE, or The Triple Option Benefit Plan for military families. However, TRICARE requires counselors providing services to military families to be graduates of CACREP accredited programs although CACREP standards do not currently address military culture. In order to effectively and efficiently help military populations to be successful in life, society, and education counselors must learn military culture and structure. Therefore, a gap exists between the standards of counselor preparation programs and the calling for more professional counselors to work with military families. As the need for more qualified providers increases, counselor education and accrediting agencies must respond appropriately. This study used a qualitative method to identify what counseling programs should be doing to best prepare all Counselors-in-Training to work with military families, especially deployed families, in military, mental health, and school settings. Additionally, this study sought to identify valuable resources, necessary experiences, and key concepts relevant to counseling military populations. Furthermore, this study identified barriers and ways to overcome barriers to include military culture in counseling curriculum.


Advisors: Toni R. Tollerud.||Committee members: Cynthia Campbell; Charles E. Myers; Scott A. Wickman.


259 pages




Northern Illinois University

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