Millikan (1993) and Wilson (1994) argue, for different reasons, that the essential reference to the environment in adaptationist explanations of behavior makes (psychological) individualism inconsistent with evolutionary psychology. I show that their arguments are based on misinterpretationso f the role of referencet o the environmenti n such explanations. By exploring these misinterpretationsI, develop an account of explanation in evolutionary psychology that is fully consistent with individualism. This does not, however, constitute a full-fledged defense of individualism, since evolutionary psychology is only one explanatory paradigm among many in psychology.
Buller, David J., "Individualism and Evolutionary Psychology (or: In Defense of 'Narrow' Functions)" (1997). Faculty Peer-Reviewed Publications. 985.
Department of Philosophy
Philosophy of Science