Todd D. Reeves

Document Type



Online professional development (OPD) for teachers is an increasingly popular and viable alternative to face-to-face professional development. While OPD can be effective, little is known about OPD’s design and implementation features that maximize its impact. Using data from a large-scale OPD initiative, this correlational study (N = 1231) investigates antecedents of selfreported changes in teacher knowledge, classroom practice, and student achievement. Three regression analyses replicate the importance of several factors in effective professional development, or online learning more generally, and also identify additional predictors of OPD’s impact(s). The paper also discusses an applied framework for conceptualizing and modeling the effects of OPD’s features on its successive outcomes. Implications for the design, implementation and evaluation of OPD, directions for future research, and study limitations are discussed.

Publication Date


Original Citation

Reeves, T. D., & Pedulla, J. J. (2013). Bolstering the impact of online professional development for teachers. Journal of Educational Research & Policy Studies, 13(1), 50-66.


Department of Educational Technology, Research and Assessment (ETRA)

Legacy Department

Department of Educational Technology, Research and Assessment


This research was supported by a grant from the U.S. Department of Education's Ready-to- Teach Grant Program (U286AO50018). An earlier version of this paper was presented at the 2011 Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association in New Orleans, LA. The authors thank Drs. Lynne Meeks, Sheralyn Dash, Kara Smith, Mandy Li, Theodore Kopcha, and two anonymous reviewers.




American Educational Research Foundation



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