Author ORCID Identifier

Elizabeth Moxley: https//

Document Type


Publication Title

Journal of Nursing Practice Applications and Reviews of Research


Introduction: Lack of physical activity (PA) serves as one of the contributing factors to pediatric obesity in African American (AA) youth.

Objective: Further examination of the Social Ecological Model [SEM] influences on PA in AA youth is vital. The purpose of this pilot study is to explore environmental factors, built environment (BE) and parental role, in PA promotion.

Methods: Using mixed method data collection, a convenience sample of 28 AA parents/caregivers of school-aged children (6-12 years) enrolled in Chicago Youth Programs (CYP) completed an online survey. Parents/caregivers along with their child participated in focus group sessions (n=18 parent/child dyads). Parent/child dyads (n=3) wore monitors (i.e. accelerometer and Global Positioning System [GPS] tracking device) to obtain preliminary PA/GPS data. Kruskal-Wallis, Kendall tau and Spearman's rank correlation, and systematic analysis were used for quantitative data and content analysis for qualitative data.

Results: In addition to a significant positive correlation between parent’s PA and child’s PA, (r=0.76, pPA Practices, PA Importance, Role Models, Neighborhood Characteristics, and Cons and Areas of Improvement for PA emerged.

Conclusions: Although PA barriers exist, parents emphasized the importance of CYP in promoting PA among AA youth. Working with community-based programs, like CYP, in the development of PA interventions to reduce pediatric obesity is recommended. Future research with an experimental approach can confirm the relationship of BE and parental role on child’s PA in AAs.

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Original Citation

Webber-Ritchey, K. J., Moxley, E., Hwang, S., Habtzghi, D., & Yalla, S. (2021). Perceived neighborhood characteristics and parental role in physical activity of African American youth. Journal of Nursing Practice Applications and Reviews of Research, 11(1), 27-42.


School of Health Studies| School of Interdisciplinary Health Professions| School of Nursing


College of Science and Health Research and Faculty Summer Research Grant, DePaul University.


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