Document Type

Article

Media Type

Text

Abstract

We report the origin of the effect of nanoscale confinement on the local viscosity of entangled polystyrene (PS) films at temperatures far above the glass transition temperature. By using marker x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy with gold nanoparticles embedded in the PS films prepared on solid substrates, we have determined the local viscosity as a function of the distance from the polymer-substrate interface. The results show the impact of a very thin adsorbed layer ( 7 nm in thickness) even without specific interactions of the polymer with the substrate, overcoming the effect of a surface mobile layer at the air-polymer interface and thereby resulting in a significant increase in the local viscosity as approaching the substrate interface.

DOI

10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.225901

Publication Date

1-1-2011

Department

Department of Physics

Sponsorship

T. K. acknowledges the financial support from NSF Grant No. CMMI-084626. Uses of the Advanced Photon Source and the National Synchrotron Light Source were supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contracts No. DE-AC02- 06CH11357 and No. DE-AC02-98CH10886, respectively.

ISSN

0031-9007

Language

eng

Publisher

American Physical Society

Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.